Frequently Asked Questions

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Just click on a question and the answer should appear.

Would you send me your catalog?
When and how should I prune my butterfly bush ?
What zone do I live in ?
Why do you only ship plants to 28 states? Why can't you ship plants to the state I live in?
How is milkweed essential for the existence of the Monarch butterfly?
What's this critter that looks somewhat like a hummingbird but isn't a hummingbird?


Do you have a catalog? Would you send me a catalog?

   Sorry, we do not publish a catalog. Our inventory of plants changes on a regular basis during the growing season (May thru October). The plant species we offer in May differs from what we offer in July, and what we offer in July is different from what we offer in October. Because our inventory changes from month to month, a printed catalog just would not work for our business.
   We update our web pages on a regular basis during our growing season so that it accurately reflects what we have available for immediate shipping. We remove plant listings as they near the sold out status and add others as they become ready for shipping.
   Our web site functions as our catalog. If you like our web site and might like to place an order sometime (or just revisit for any reason), please bookmark it.

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When and how should I prune my butterfly bush ?

   We suggest cutting butterfly bushes back to about 4 feet high for the winter (so that heavy winter snow won't crush the bush to the ground). And don't cut the butterfly bushes back too early; November is our recommendation.
   Depending upon the severity of winter, your butterfly bush may appear dead in spring. Don't despair. Even when a butterfly bush doesn't develop leaf buds on the previous year's branches, it will usually sprout new growth from the root system. Be patient though. It might be late May before your butterfly bush shows signs of new growth.
   In early June, cut off any branches which died over the winter. This is also a good time to trim the butterfly bush to the shape you'd like it to be.
   During its blooming period, usually mid July through September, you might deadhead (remove spend flowers) every two weeks or so. This assures that the bush will put its energy into producing more flowers rather than seed.

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What zone do I live in ?


To determine the zone you live in, you must look at a USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. Often you will find these maps in seed, bulb, and perennial plant catalogs. We have included a plant hardiness zone map on our web site too. You can view it by clicking here on USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map.    Please be patient while the picture downloads.

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Why do you only ship plants to 27 states? Why can't you ship plants to the state I live in?

   The U.S. Department of Agriculture-Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), and the plant health agencies in each of the 50 states, regulate the interstate shipment of nursery and greenhouse stock. The regulations exist to minimize the spread of harmful insects, diseases, and other pests from one state to another.
   By shipping plants bare root, a grower is permitted to ship to many more states than a grower who ships plants in soil. This is because soil can harbor numerous insects and diseases which do not occur above the soil line. Shipping plants in soil, as we do, dramatically decreases the number of states to which we can ship.
   While we regret that we cannot ship to all states in the USA, we feel confident that what we do ship will arrive at its destination  in good condition because it is shipped in soil, the same soil the plants have been growing in for weeks or months.
   We would like to expand the territory to which we can ship plants but we can't. The U.S. Department of Agriculture and the plant health agencies in each state, for good reason, forbids that.
We, residing in Pennsylvania,  ARE permitted to ship plants to the following states within the USA:  Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin, and West Virginia.  If you do not live in one of the states we are permitted to ship to, please do not place an order. We will not ship your order and will charge you a $3.00 service charge to cancel your order and return your payment.

The USDA Japanese Beetle Quarantine:

Japanese Beetles are highly destructive insects. They feed on the foliage, flowers, and fruit of over 300 plant species. They can completely defoliate a plant when they attack in large numbers.

Japanese Beetles are native to Japan , where they are not much of a problem because natural predators keep their numbers in check. Somehow Japanese Beetles were introduced into the U.S. in 1916, first being spotted in Riverton , N.J. Since then, they have spread across the eastern U.S. and are now numerous in most of the states that lie east of the Mississippi River

Japanese Beetles lay their eggs in soil. The eggs hatch in eight to fourteen days. The larvae, which are grubs, feed mostly on grass roots and can severely damage lawns, golf courses, and pasture fields. In October, the grubs dig deeper into the soil to over-winter. Around mid April they come out of hibernation, begin to feed again, grow to a mature size of about 1 long, and then pupate. Between May (in southern states) and late June (in northern states), adult beetles begin to emerge from the pupae and immediately begin to rampantly feed on foliage, flowers, and fruit.

Because they are so destructive, the USDA imposed the Japanese Beetle Quarantine. The quarantine restricts the movement of soil that could potentially be infected with Japanese Beetle eggs, larvae, or pupae into areas not yet heavily infected with this insect. It also prevents the movement of plants which could potentially be infested with Japanese Beetle adults. Since most of my plants are grown outdoors in pots, Japanese Beetles eggs, larvae, or pupae could be in the soil, and adults could be clinging to the plant foliage. Hence, my plants cannot be shipped to those states which are not yet heavily infected with Japanese Beetles.


We are permitted to ship plants to the states in categories 3 and 4.
While we are permitted to ship plants to Wyoming, we have chosen not to do so. Knowing what a nuisance Japanese Beetles are, we do not want to risk infecting the noninfected states surrounding Wyoming.

Category 1:  Japanese Beetle is not known to be established and the state has officially adopted a quarantine to prevent potential entry of Japanese Beetles into the state.

Category 2:  Japanese Beetle is not known to be established or is established in limited areas of the state. Potentially infested plants and soil may not enter the state unless they are treated to eradicate Japanese Beetles prior to entry.

Category 3: Japanese Beetle is known to be established in this state and infestations are sufficiently widespread. To move potentially infested plants and soil through this state, nursery certification programs are in place to minimize the artificial movement of plant pests.

Category 4:  Due to natural environmental factors (ex: prolonged periods of high soil temperature), Japanese Beetle establishment will be prevented. In these Japanese Beetle-inhospitable areas, Japanese Beetles will be unsuccessful in colonizing and reproducing.

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How is milkweed essential for the existance of the monarch butterfly?

Adult monarchs (and many other butterfly species) love nectar-rich milkweed as a food source, but there is a more important reason for the monarch's close attachment to milkweed. Milkweed is the only plant material that monarch caterpillars can eat. Remove monarch caterpillars from milkweed and they will starve; or they will eat other plant material, sicken, and then die. The scientific name for milkweed is Asclepias (pronounced as-KLEE-pea-us). Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed, pictured here), is well known to most northeasterners. It grows along roadsides, in fields, and  in open meadows. Producing sweet smelling mauve-pink flowers  late June through July, common milkweed usually matures at about 48" high. Some people assume common milkweed to be the only milkweed species which exists.  Actually, over 100 species of Asclepias grow in the USA, with over 200 different species growing worldwide.
   Common milkweed is not the only Asclepias species which can be utilized as a food source for the monarch caterpillar. In reality, any Asclepias serves the purpose, although some species lure more egg-laying female monarchs than others.
   Among the Asclepias species highly utilized by female monarchs for egg-laying are Asclepias curassavica (tropical milkweed) and Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed).  We offer both these species on our 'Milkweed' page.

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What's this critter that looks somewhat like a hummingbird but isn't a hummingbird ?

This is a Hummingbird Clearwing Moth. It belongs to the family of sphinx moths, which are daylight fliers. Like most moths and butterflies, the hummingbird clearwing moth sips nectar through a coiled tube (proboscis) which extends from its mouth.  This moth has a wingspan of 1-1/2" to 2-1/2" and feeds in mid-air while beating its wings at a rapid rate (just like a hummingbird). A regular visitor to butterfly bushes, hummingbird clearwing moths also like the nectar of beebalm, phlox, lilac, thistle, and more.

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Rose Franklin's Perennials
107 Butterfly Lane      Spring Mills, PA  16875

(814) 422-8968        Email:  RoseFranklin@aol.com

During our busy shipping season (April 15 thru September 30), please email, don't call.


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Copyright 2002-2018.  [Rose Franklin's Perennials]. All rights reserved.
Revised: March 20, 2019